Tonsillitis is an inflammatory process in the palatine tonsils, characterized by hyperemia, redness and pain, and in some cases, the appearance of purulent contents in the lacunae or all the tonsils. The palatine tonsils belong to the peripheral organs of the immune system and are supposed to protect the body from penetration of different bacteria and viruses into the human body. When a pathological agent penetrates to neutralize it, active production of white blood cells begins in the tonsils, but with a strong infection, the immune system fails to cope and inflammation occurs. Some people find this medication helpful for tonsillitis: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/diclomec-sr.
Features and causes of the disease
Tonsillitis runs in an acute (angina) and chronic form. The peak of the disease occurs in the fall or spring period. Children fall ill twice as often as adults. Due to the structure of the organs of the peripheral immune system, which include tonsils of the parotid ring, they often do not perform the protective function, and they themselves become a source of infection due to constant inflammation in them.
Tonsillitis occurs due to a weakening of immune protection and in the presence of provocative factors. The development of the disease is promoted by:
hypothermia of the body;
Bad habits smoking and alcohol abuse;
hypo and avitaminosis;
trauma of the throat;
Chronic inflammatory diseases of the nose and throat, sinuses;
uncontrolled use of hormonal drugs;
hereditary predisposition to throat diseases;
hypoplasia of lymphoid tissue and other causes.
Also, the disease can provoke nasal breathing disorders and related somatic diseases of various organs and systems that affect the overall reactivity of the body.
The causative agents of inflammation of the palatine tonsils are most often adenoviruses, coke flora (streptocococci, staphylococci), chlamydia, rhinoviruses, herpes viruses, parainfluenza.
Acute tonsillitis (sore throat) or primary inflammation can occur in the catarrhal, lacunar, follicular, less often necrotic form. Secondary acute inflammation of the palatine tonsils most often occurs against the background of existing inflammatory or infectious diseases – scarlet fever, diphtheria, typhoid fever, mononucleosis, and leukemia,
Chronic tonsillitis is a long-term inflammatory process in the tonsils, with rare or persistent relapses of the disease. Exacerbations can be caused both by viruses or bacteria, and against the background of acute respiratory infections, dental diseases, and a general decline in immunity.
Symptoms of tonsillitis
Exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis or the development of acute inflammation is accompanied by the following signs.
Discomfort or pain in the throat, increasing when swallowing, sometimes it may extend to the ear
Tingling, burning sensation in the tonsil area, dryness, and sensation of a foreign body in the throat
Fever, sometimes considerable (up to 39-40° C), sometimes tonsillitis without fever
Unpleasant putrid smell from the mouth
Compulsive dry cough
Enlargement of regional lymph nodes
The development of purulent inflammation may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cramps.
General worsening of well-being: weakness, pain in muscles and joints, headaches, increased sweating, rapid fatigue, reduced efficiency.
Exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis occur annually (up to 2-3 times a year). Constant relapses of the disease may provoke the development of serious complications: tonsil abscess, sepsis, and transfer of purulent inflammation to other organs: sinusitis, otitis media, mastoiditis, meningitis, pneumonia. Purulent inflammation of the palatine tonsils often contributes to the development of serious and dangerous complications – rheumatism, polyarthritis, glomerulonephritis, acquired heart defect, inflammation of the heart membranes, etc.
Diagnosis of the disease
Diagnosis is made on the basis of the patient’s complaints, data of physical examination and instrumental studies. During the examination, the doctor identifies the causative agent of the disease, for this purpose a swab is taken from the pharynx, the presence of complications, the cause of the disease.